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Suwon Hwaseong Fortress in South Korea, which participants will see on their pre-tour. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

On the third day of the pre-tour, participants will be visiting three places – Hwaseong Temporary Palace, Korean Folk Village, and Suwon Hwaseong Fortress.

Hwaseong Temporary Palace

The first stop of Day Three is Hwaseong Temporary Palace, which is considered a haenggung.

A haenggung is a palace outside of the capital where the royal family could stay temporarily in times of war. Hwaseong Temporary Palace is the largest of these haenggungs.

This palace had been built by King Jeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty in 1795, and was part of a long line of haenggungs that King Jeongjo had made on the trail to his father’s tomb.

At Hwaseong Temporary Palace, traditional cultural performances and activities are still held there today.

The palace is part of the larger Hwaseong Fortress, which King Jeongjo had also made.


Korean Folk Village

The second stop of Day Three is Korean Folk Village, a Joseon period village that presents how people had lived their lives during the Joseon Dynasty.

This village contains houses that were relocated from around the country, and reconstructed to ensure it is authentic.

At the Korean Folk Village, there are a multitude of things to do and see.

There is the Korea Folk Museum, where visitors may learn about the life of a person from birth to their death in the Joseon period. The World Folk Museum also hosts a multitude of exhibits that showcase aspects of cultures from around the world.

Visitors may also partake and experience some parts of the everyday life in farm houses, or partake in traditional dyeing.


Suwon Hwaseong Fortress

The final stop of the day will be Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, which was constructed by King Jeongjo, the same man who constructed Hwaseong Temporary Palace.

King Jeongjo had created the fortress to be a safe haven for him when traveling to visit his father’s tomb, but also as a defensive position to quell faction disputes.

During the Korean War and the Japanese Occupation era, parts of the fortress were destroyed, but in the 1970s were restored to their original state.

Visitors are able to walk on or along the outer wall of Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, which is typically called the Suwon Wall. Part of the walk will go uphill and provide a great view of Suwon.

There are a multitude of structures in Suwon Hwaseong Fortress that visitors can explore, while also having signs providing information on a given item at the fortress.